The cello, invented in the early part of the 16th century, is a significant instrument which had undergone various stages of development in human history. The music eras saw the evolution of the cello. Bach, during the Baroque era, made beautiful music without the accompaniment of the cello.
However, in the Roman and Classical periods, the use of the cello was prevalent after the presentation of instrumentalists, such as Haydn, Schumann, and Brahman. Today, there are many soloists as well as solo songs, all playing current rock or pop music.
From the time the cello was introduced, it had penetrated many cultures and had even become part of Chinese music. The popularity of the cello is as a result of its natural flow and blend with other instruments during combined play. The best can be got from the cello when renowned cellists like Yo-Yo Ma and Jacqueline du Pre-play the instrument skillfully, producing such melody. As the cello is celebrated worldwide, there are things we need to know about the fascinating instrument.
The word ‘cello’ is an abbreviation of the term violoncello. It is an Italian word meaning “a small, large viol.” No wonder, according to it real meaning, the cello has undergone various changes in size throughout known history. Many people do not know this one, Celli or cellos is the plural of the cello. The origins of the cello are yet unknown. What history recorded is the first appearance of the cello in the south of the Alps.
There is a difference between cellos used for orchestra and the one used for solo. The former has black hair hovering over a mighty bow, while white hair hanging on a very light bow marks the latter type. During play, cellists put pressure on the bridge of the instrument due to the slant position of the neck. This force causes the cello to make such loud sound that gives it the distinct sound, which correctly accompanies an orchestra during concerts.
Before the 18th century, the cello was a considerable instrument positioned upright and held below by the legs of the cellists. The current way the cello is held was made popular by the renowned entertainer, A.F Servais, who used end pins to hold the instrument in place on the ground. Between the 17th and the 18th centuries, cellos were made of five strings. However, the use of four lines has become the standard number for all cellos today.
In the case of the arrangement of instruments or instrumentalists during a concert, the cellists are positioned on the right side of the music conductor. In some orchestra, this arrangement is not strictly followed. Vibrato is a technique also known as ‘close shake’ or ‘tremendous.’ Music critics point out that this method should not be overused. Excessive use of the vibrato will lead to discord with other instruments during play.
The cello is by far one of the most amazing and beautiful instruments we have, it plays so smooth and is truly one of a kind.